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Table 2 Subject demographics for patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 51,640) in primary or secondary prevention*.

From: Patterns and predictors of statin prescription in patients with type 2 diabetes

Characteristic Primary prevention Secondary prevention Prevention status unknown
Number, (%) 27,322 (52.9%) 17,571 (34.0%) 6,747 (13.1%)
Male sex (%) 45.5% 54.2% 46.7%
Age (years) 62.9 ± 10.9 69.3 ± 9.5 64.0 ± 10.8
Age at diagnosis of diabetes (years) 57.1 ± 10.9 61.0 ± 10.5 57.6 ± 11.0
Diabetes duration (years) 5.8 ± 5.7 8.3 ± 6.8 6.3 ± 5.9
Body mass index 29.1 ± 4.9 28.5 ± 4.4 29.1 ± 4.8
Smoking status (%)    
   Never smoker 64.8% 54.2% 52.5%
   Former smoker 17.3% 27.7% 17.8%
   Current smoker 17.6% 15.0% 9.0%
Hypertension (%) 83.3% 94.8% 84.8%
Microalbuminuria (>20 mg/l) 27.8% 34.9% 31.1%
HbA1c (%)    
   <6.5% 27.3% 23.8% 26.1%
   ≥6.5% and <7.5% 37.0% 34.6% 35.2%
   ≥7.5% and <8.5% 21.1% 24.4% 22.8%
   ≥8.5% 13.9% 16.3% 14.5%
Lipoprotein concentrations (mg/dl)    
   Total cholesterol    
<200 27.8% 32.4% 30.5%
≥200 and <240 35.4% 32.0% 33.2%
≥240 34.7% 32.2% 35.0%
   LDL cholesterol    
<100 12.6% 16.3% 14.1%
≥100 and <130 25.0% 24.2% 24.1%
≥130 and <160 26.9% 23.6% 24.6%
≥160 22.6% 21.4% 21.8%
   HDL cholesterol    
<40 (M) or <50 (F) 36.2% 39.3% 36.0%
≥40 (M) or ≥50 (F) 55.8% 53.6% 55.2%
   Triglycerides    
<150 30.5% 29.0% 28.9%
≥150 and <400 50.1% 51.7% 50.2%
≥400 4.5% 4.9% 3.9%
On lipid-lowering medication (%)    
   Any 24.0% 45.8% 31.6%
   Statins 18.5% 38.1% 25.1%
   Fibrates 5.8% 7.9% 7.2%
   Other 0.11% 0.14% 0.10%
Atherosclerotic risk or disease, respectively 5-Year atherosclerotic disease risk (%) Presence of atherosclerotic disease (%) unknown
  <5%: 11.0% Coronary heart disease: 78.3%  
  ≥5% and <10%: 21.9% Cerebrovascular disease: 21.2%  
  ≥10% and <15%: 19.2% Periph. art. occlussive dis.: 25.7%  
  ≥15% and <20%: 14.0%   
  ≥20% and <25%: 9.3%   
  ≥25% and <30%: 5.7%   
  ≥30%: 8.1%   
  1. In 6747 patients (13.1%) the prevention status was unknown
  2. *Data are means ± SD or proportions (in %).